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    a. Avoid frequent braking and clutching.
    b. Avoid sudden and over revving.
    c. Shift gears at appropriate speeds: 1st gear 0-10 kmph, 2nd gear 10-20 kmph,
       3rd gear 20-30 kmph, 4th gear 30-40 kmph, 5th gear 40-50 kmph,
       6th gear 50-60 kmph
    d. Always ride vehicle in top gear between 45-55 kmph.
    e. Do not park vehicles in direct sunlight as it may result in petrol evaporation.


    Electronic Stability Control (ESC), also referred to as electronic stability program (ESP) is a computerized technology that improves the safety of a vehicle's stability by detecting and reducing loss of traction (skidding). When ESC detects loss of steering control, it automatically applies the brakes to help "steer" the vehicle where the driver intends to go. Braking is automatically applied to wheels individually, such as the outer front wheel to counter oversteer or the inner rear wheel to counter understeer.


    The anti-lock braking system (ABS) monitors wheel speeds and releases pressure on individual wheel brake lines thereby preventing lock-up. During heavy braking, preventing wheel lock-up helps the driver to maintain steering control. Electronic brakeforce distribution (EBD) automatically varies the amount of force applied to each of a vehicle's brakes based on road conditions, speed, loading, etc. Always coupled with anti-lock braking systems, EBD can apply more or less braking pressure to each wheel in order to maximize stopping power whilst maintaining vehicular control.


    Experts agree that roughly 70% of braking effort should go to the front wheel and 30% to the rear. Front brakes require more effort because weight transfer from slowing down will shift the bike’s balance from the rear wheel to the front, thereby allowing the front tyre to handle more load. When there is less downforce on the rear tyre, it becomes much easier to lockup and slide that wheel, resulting in a loss of control. The front, however, is less likely to slip because of the weight transferred to that end. The 70/30 braking ratio can shift slightly based on the type of bike you are riding. Cruisers can handle more rear braking because they carry more weight over their rear wheel while sport bikes can tolerate higher front braking effort since their forks are more vertical and their wheelbases are shorter.

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